Legend Blue 11s lebron 12 black infrared 6s Nike kd vii black infrared 6s jordan 6 coach factory outlet The Military Vaccine Resource Directory

Mycoplasma and Squalene Discussion
Military Vaccine Resource Directory.

There is a lot of controversy about what is actually going on in the anthrax vaccine - about the actual causes of such severe reactions that six deaths are admitted to on the current vaccine label, and at least one more death attributable to military vaccines (Rachel Lacy) has occurred since. In addition, uncounted troops and veterans have become permanently incapacitated.

Those of us who run The Military Vaccine Resource Directory are not trained scientists or medical professionals. But we do have access to a great deal of research and to various professionals and physicians who kindly provide us with their insights and views.

Mycoplasma are the smallest of free-living organisms, and can reproduce outside of living cells. They can cause chronic inflammatory diseases of the respiratory system, urogenital tract, and joints. The most common human illnesses caused by mycoplasma are due to infection with M. pneumoniae, which is responsible for 10-20% of all pneumonias. This type of pneumonia is also called atypical pneumonia, walking pneumonia, or community-acquired pneumonia. Infection moves easily among people in close contact because it is spread primarily when infected droplets circulate in the air (that is, become aerosolized), usually due to coughing, spitting, or sneezing. (Source: Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine online)

In his Jan. 29, 2002 Congressional testimony, Dr. Garth Nicolson writes: "...the types of infection caused by Mycoplasma and Brucella species that have been found in GWI patients, can cause complex problems found in GWI [reviews: 23,40,41]. These microorganisms are now considered important emerging pathogens in causing chronic diseases as well as being important cofactors in some illnesses, including AIDS and other immune dysfunctional conditions [23,40,41]."

"Historically, mycoplasmal infections were thought to produce relatively mild diseases limited to particular tissues or organs, such as urinary tract or respiratory system [23,40,41]. However, the mycoplasmas detected in GWI patients with molecular techniques are highly virulent, colonize a wide variety of organs and tissues, and are difficult to treat [23,45,46]. The mycoplasma most commonly detected in GWI, Mycoplasma fermentans (found in >80% of those GWI patients positive for any mycoplasma), is found intracellularly. It is unlikely that this type of infection will result in a strong antibody response, which may explain the DoD's lack of serologic evidence for these types of intracellular infections [47]."

Squalene, an orgamic polymer which occurs naturally in the human body, is, in remanufactured form, an adjuvant, or vaccine "booster," used in several experimental vaccines. The purpose of such an adjuvant is to boost the immune system's reaction to the vaccine. It is illegal for use on human beings in the United States and Great Britain. There is evidence that when injected, squalene is responsible for arthritic conditions and pain. Squalene appears to be highly reactive when injected, although not as reactive when ingested orally.

Although the Dept. of Defense denied the presence of Squalene in the anthrax vaccine for many years, the FDA tested several lots for the presence of the adjuvant, and found it - in varying levels. Those lots are (ppb=parts per billion):

  • AVA 020 - 11 ppb squalene
  • AVA 030 - 10 ppb squalene
  • AVA 038 - 27 ppb squalene
  • AVA 043 - 40 ppb squalene
  • AVA 047 - 83 ppb squalene

Squalene has also been found in the vaccine administered in Great Britain, although the Ministry also denied its presence. See MOD (Ministry of Defense - UK - ANTHRAX VACCINE CONTAINS SQUALENE)

Recent research by Pamela B. Asa, Russell B. Wilson, and Robert F. Garry links the anthrax vaccine to Gulf War Syndrome through the presence of squalene antibodies, as noted in the introduction to their report:

"Date: 2002-07-15 Received August 15, 2001, and in revised form October 26, 2001"

"We previously reported that antibodies to squalene, an experimental vaccine adjuvant, are present in persons with symptoms consistent with Gulf War Syndrome (GWS) (P. B. Asa et al., Exp. Mol. Pathol 68, 196-197, 2000). The United States Department of Defense initiated the Anthrax Vaccine Immunization Program (AVIP) in 1997 to immunize 2.4 million military personnel. Because adverse reactions in vaccinated personnel were similar to symptoms of GWS, we tested AVIP participants for anti-squalene antibodies (ASA). In a pilot study, 6 of 6 vaccine recipients with GWS-like symptoms were positive for ASA. In a larger blinded study, only 32% (8/25) of AVIP personnel compared to 15.7% (3/19) of controls were positive (P 0.05). Further analysis revealed that ASA were associated with specific lots of vaccine. The incidence of ASA in personnel in the blinded study receiving these lots was 47% (8/17) compared to an incidence of 0% (0/8; P 0.025) of the AVIP participants receiving other lots of vaccine. Analysis of additional personnel revealed that in all but one case (19/20; 95%), ASA were restricted to personnel immunized with lots of vaccine known to contain squalene. Except for one symptomatic individual, positive clinical findings in 17 ASA-negative personnel were restricted to 4 individuals receiving vaccine from lots containing squalene. ASA were not present prior to vaccination in pre-immunization sera available from 4 AVIP personnel. Three of these individuals became ASA positive after vaccination. These results suggest that the production of ASA in GWS patients is linked to the presence of squalene in certain lots of anthrax vaccine. 2002 Elsevier Science (USA)"

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